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Florida Dermatologist: What are varicose veins?

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Florida Dermatologist: What are varicose veins? | Palm HarborVaricose veins are a type of diseased or abnormal blood vessels that become inflamed and dilated. These veins are usually purple or red in color and typically appear in the large veins that extend through the length of the legs, right beneath the surface of the skin. 

Today, millions of individuals are impacted by varicose veins. However, the issue occurs more often in women in the age bracket of 30 to 70 years old.

Innovative, minimally invasive treatments in dermatology are now available to eliminate varicose veins in an effective manner. A skilled provider will try to avoid the traditional vein stripping technique to eliminate varicose veins as it is more invasive as well as involve significant downtime and discomfort for the patient.

Palm Harbor Dermatology, led by experienced dermatologists, provides safe and proven skin care procedures to patients in Palm Harbor, St. Petersburg, Clearwater, Brandon, Tampa, Spring Hill, Riverview, Florida, and surrounding communities. 

Causes 

The precise reason for the appearance of varicose veins remains a matter of research. However, it is understood that these veins develop when blood vessels become weak or malfunction. 

The flow of blood through the vein will be interrupted when the blood vessel valve does not close properly, or the vessel walls are weakened. Blood will accumulate in the vessels, causing them to swell, bulge, and create varicose veins.

Dermatology researchers indicate that the common risk factors for the development of varicose veins include heredity, obesity, smoking, aging, and high blood pressure. Pregnancy and hormonal fluctuations may also be contributory factors to this condition. A person whose job involves standing for long durations in one position can also have poor blood supply in the legs, causing the issue of varicose veins. 

Treatments

Foam Sclerotherapy

Foam sclerotherapy is an advanced form of earlier treatment methods. In this procedure, the provider uses a sclerosant mixed with carbon dioxide or air in various ratios to develop foam. They will then inject this foam into the veins. The effect of the foam is potentiated, particularly in larger veins.  

Ultrasound may be used to guide foam injections, which will make the procedure more targeted. The ultrasound probe can effectively track the needle entering the vein and make sure the injection takes place at the correct location. 

Endovenous Laser Ablation (ELA)

This procedure is undertaken using local anesthesia. It usually avoids the use of sedation. After the treatment, the patient will be fully ambulatory and undergo a brief recovery phase. The objective of this procedure is to deliver targeted laser energy to the wall of a diseased vein segment to create fibrosis, irreversible occlusion, and ultimately disappearance of the vein. Diode lasers are most often used for ELA. 

Radiofrequency Ablation (RFA)

Cutting-edge techniques to deliver RF energy are now available, offering varicose vein therapy in a delicate, effective manner. RFA is relatively much less invasive in comparison to surgery and has significantly less associated risks of complications. The procedure is effective even in the long-term, and the outcomes are typically sustainable for many years or permanently.

Palm Harbor Dermatology receives patients from Palm Harbor, St. Petersburg, Clearwater, Brandon, Tampa, Spring Hill, Riverview, Florida, and nearby areas for advanced and innovative skin care treatments. 

PH Dermatology Cancer & Laser Surgery Center, led by board certified dermatologists, provides advanced dermatology treatments to patients in Palm Harbor, St. Petersburg, Clearwater, Tampa, Brandon, Riverview, Spring Hill, Florida and surrounding communities. Contact us today to schedule a consultation.

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